The eighth annual Report of the Secretary-General on Conflict-related Sexual Violence (S/2017/249), submitted pursuant to paragraph 22 of Security Council resolution 2106 (2013), focuses on sexual violence as both a tactic of war and a tactic of terrorism. The report spans 19 country situations, covering the period of January to December 2016, based on cases documented by the United Nations system. It includes 13 conflict settings, four post-conflict countries, and two additional situations of concern. It highlights patterns of violations, as well as challenges faced and actions taken by States to protect women, girls, men and boys from such violence. To chart the way forward, each country section includes a targeted, actionable recommendation, building on the recommendations made in previous reporting cycles, as well as a set of overarching policy recommendations that outline prevention and response measures at the national, regional and international levels.